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Literature11 - No Sugar [Davis]: Context

Year 11 ATAR

Context: The Stolen Generations

Between 1910-1970, many Indigenous children were forcibly removed from their families as a result of various government policies. The generations of children removed under these policies became known as the Stolen Generations. The policies of child removal left a legacy of trauma and loss that continues to affect Indigenous communities, families and individuals.

Australians Together, n.d.

Read the full article HERE

See also the Research Guide: Indigenous Stolen Generations

Videos: Assimilation Policies

 Deconstructing Australian History: White Australia Policy

This Australian made, curriculum fit program examines a longstanding series of Australian government immigration policies that, from Federation up until the mid-1970s, favoured white, English-speaking and culturally similar people. A range of interesting insights and views and are presented, exploring how such discriminative immigration was achieved and how, ultimately, Australia moved to the multiculturalism of today. Throughout the program, we hear from notable academics and other prominent figures, including former Prime Minister Malcolm Fraser, Dr Corinne Manning, Professor Marilyn Lake, Professor Marian Quartly, and Humphrey McQueen.

SOURCE: Classroom Video (2009), ClickView,

Australia's Assimilation Policies

From the early 1900's Australian state and federal governments imposed a number of assimilation policies on Aboriginal groups. This clip provides an overview of the heavily restrictive mission and reserves system, the 'dog tag system' and the policy of removing children from their homes and communities. Archival footage and interviews with historians and community leaders reveal the harsh and unfair treatment that resulted from these policies.

Colonising Australia (1788–1901): Christian Missions and Indigenous Australia

Colonisation was not only about taking land and resources for imperial powers, but also about seeking to convert, or ‘civilise’, indigenous people to European ways of thinking. This video explores the impact of Christian missions on the culture and daily lives of Indigenous Australians, featuring commentary from academics from the Gnibi College of Indigenous Australian Peoples. 

SOURCE: Moloney, C from ClickView (2020), ClickView,


Context: Assimilation Policies

Chief Protector of Aborigines for W.A. : Auber Octavius Neville

Neville, Auber Octavius (1875–1954)

Neville is a real historical figure, and the Chief Protector of Aborigines in Western Australia for the first quarter of the 20th century. Neville works in Perth with his secretary, Miss Dunn. Like many other characters, such as Mr. Neal or the Sergeant, Neville’s job is ostensibly to protect the Aboriginal community under his care, but he is more interested in controlling and containing them than he is with making sure they are happy and healthy. 

Videos: Stolen Generations

Stolen Generations

Indigenous filmmaker Darlene Johnson draws on personal stories and commentary to describe the experience of Australia's stolen generations. Historians Henry Reynolds and Marcia Langton refute claims that suggest indigenous children forcibly removed might be seen as 'rescued' and three survivors of the system describe their own experiences and reflect on the meaning of separation policies in their own lives.

SOURCE: ABC (2000) ClickView,

The Stolen Generation

Program looks at the time when Aboriginal children were taken from their parents and how it affected them.

SOURCE: Nine Digital (1998) ClickView,

An Unhealthy Government Experiment 

WARNING: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander viewers are warned that the following program may contain images and voices of deceased persons.

Jandamurra is born on a cattle station in the Kimberley in the 1870s. His hybrid life takes a bloody turn when he trades in his status as a police tracker for his own people. Gladys Gilligan is one of more than 50,000 half-caste children plucked from her family and sent to a mission.

SOURCE: ABC (2013) ClickView,

Video Essay: Perspectives on Protectionism: No Sugar by Jack Davis

SOURCE: Ferris Universe (2018), posted on YouTube, [6:28 mins] URL:

Map of Native Settlements in Western Australia

SOURCE: Australian Human Rights Commission (1997)

Context: The Depression in W.A.

Deconstructing Australian History: The Great Depression

This Australian made, curriculum fit programme examines the impact of the Great Depression on Australian society during the late 1920s and 1930s. This period saw levels of poverty and despair on a scale never before experienced in contemporary Australia. A diverse range of opinions and reflections are presented, providing insights to fascinating aspects of Australian society at the time, including the key political figures and government policies, and the involvement of politically-driven interest groups including trade unions, unemployed workers, secret armies, communists and fascists. Throughout the programme, we hear from notable academics and other prominent Australians, including historian, author and broadcaster Michael Cathcart; historian Humphrey McQueen; Professor Marilyn Lake; and former Victorian MP Joan Coxsedge.

SOURCE: Classroom Video (2009), ClickView,