Aquinas College requires a standard approach to referencing format. Generally, this will be the American Psychological Association (APA) referencing style, unless a department or teacher request a different format for a specific assignment.
The APA Style is widely used by the Humanities and Social Science disciplines, and has many variations, like the Harvard and Oxford methods.
Students should be careful, when writing an essay or assignment, to ensure they don't use another person's ideas or words in a way that would suggest that they are their own. Academic honesty requires that the work of others be attributed to the original author, where it is quoted or used as a source of ideas or paraphrasing. The passing off of the work of others as one's own is fraudulent and plagiarism. Whether unintentional or deliberate, plagiarism is unacceptable and can result in the assignment being rejected.
Rules of Conduct:
When setting out your formal work, a distinction should be made between essay style and report style.
An important skill every student needs to acquire is to be able to both identify source material used by other writers and, in turn, know how to add their own sources to support and strengthen their own arguments.
Writers alert the reader that they have used source material with attributive phrases and in-text citations. The combination of these two devices, include all the information necessary to locate a source in an essay's reference list. The form of the attributive phrases and in-text citations depends upon the citation style being used. All citation styles share similar elements; if you understand the major citation elements, you will be able to learn the requirements of any style.
Attributive phrases: A short introduction to source material that identifies the author and often the title of a work that will be quoted or discussed in an essay or research paper.
In-text citations: Information about a source, such as the author, date, and page number, in an essay or research paper that helps readers find the source in the works cited or references page.
Attributive phrases indicate that a source is about to be incorporated. The attributive phrases in the examples below have been underlined.
APA: Thomas writes (2011) that Evans intended to "inspire a new generation of playwrights" (p. 42).
APA: According to Thomas (2011), Evans wrote best at his home in Florida, "rising early and finishing late" (p. 31).
APA: In Psychological Science in the Public Interest, Baumeister, Campbell, Krueger, and Vohs (2003) present extensive research that demonstrates that increased self-esteem has very few benefits and many disadvantages.
Identifying credible sources
Once you understand where the sources come from through attributive phrases and in-text citations, you can determine whether the source is credible or not and determine whether it has been used effectively.
Ask yourself these questions of each source:
Guide to using quotations in an essay or report